Abdominal pain that persists or seems unusual may require medical attention.
Types of Abdominal Pain
Abdominal pain may be characterized as one of the following types of pain:
Generalized pain is abdominal pain felt in more than half of the abdomen. It is commonly caused by a stomach virus, indigestion, or virus. Severe pain may be caused by a blockage in the intestines.
Localized pain is abdominal pain in one part of the abdomen. It may be caused by an organ, such as the appendix, gallbladder, or stomach.
- Cramp-like pain is typically caused by gas and bloating and often
followed by diarrhea.
Colicky pain is abrupt and leads to severe pain that comes in waves. This type of pain is typically caused by kidney stones and gallstones
Causes of Abdominal Pain
The following conditions may lead to abdominal pain:
Abdominal aortic aneurysm
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Intussusception (in children)
Urinary tract infection (UTI)
The following conditions may cause chronic abdominal pain:
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
Irritable bowel syndrome
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
Sickle cell anemia
Strained or pulled abdominal muscle
Progressive abdominal pain may be caused by the following conditions:
When to Seek Medical Attention for Abdominal Pain
Patients experiencing any of the following symptoms should call 911 or visit the emergency room:
Difficulty passing stool accompanied with vomiting
Blood in the stool (bright red, maroon, or dark, tarry black)
Chest, neck, or shoulder pain
Tenderness in the belly
Rigid or hard to the touch belly
Sudden, sharp abdominal pain
Pain in, or between, the shoulder blades and nausea
It’s important to seek medical attention if patients experiencing abdominal pain are currently being treated for cancer, pregnant or could be pregnant, or had a recent injury to the abdomen.
The right treatment for abdominal pain will depend on its severity of symptoms and the patient’s unique condition. At Central Nevada Regional Care, patients may be treated with joint and soft tissue injections, pain management therapy, and occupational medicine.
Joint and soft tissue injections may help alleviate abdominal pain caused by soft tissue injuries. Pain management therapy for abdominal pain may encompass a range of treatments, such as hot and cold therapy, massage, opioids, antidepressants, acupuncture, tai chi, deep breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, meditation, cognitive behavior therapy, yoga, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication, and beta-blockers.
Some cases of abdominal pain may interfere with daily life and impair a patient’s ability to perform job duties. In these cases, occupational medicine could help the patient adjust to the demands of the workplace.
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