Conditions like osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, fibromyalgia, and other forms of arthritis can cause chronic arthritis pain.
Signs and symptoms of arthritis may include:
Reduced range of motion
Causes of Arthritis Pain
Osteoarthritis damages a joint’s cartilage, which is the coating on the ends of bones at the joint. This causes bone to grind directly on bone, restricting movement, and leading to pain.
Symptoms of Arthritis
Osteoarthritis may also cause deterioration of the connective tissue that attaches muscle to bone and holds the joint together. This can lead to inflammation and swelling.
Rheumatoid arthritis is another condition that can lead to arthritis pain. The body’s immune system attacks the lining of the joint capsule, which is the membrane that encloses all joint parts, and leads to inflammation and swelling.
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Risk Factors for Arthritis
The risk factors for developing arthritis include:
- Family history. Patients with a family history of arthritis are more likely to develop the condition.
- Age. Older individuals are more likely to develop arthritis.
- Sex. Women are at higher risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis, while men are more likely to develop another form of arthritis called gout.
- Previous joint injury. A sports injury to joints increases the risk of developing arthritis.
- Obesity. Carrying excess weight places additional stress on the knees, hips, and spine, and increases the likelihood of developing arthritis.
How Arthritis is Diagnosed
The right treatment for patients experiencing arthritis pain will depend on the severity of their symptoms and their unique condition. At Central Nevada Regional Care, patients may be treated with joint and soft tissue injections, pain management therapy, and occupational medicine.
Pain management therapy for arthritis pain may encompass a range of treatments, such as hot and cold therapy, yoga, tai chi, massage, progressive muscle relaxation, meditation, acupuncture, cognitive behavior therapy, deep breathing, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication, opioids, antidepressants, and beta-blockers.
Severe arthritis pain may interfere with daily life and impair a patient’s ability to perform job duties. In these cases, occupational medicine could help the patient adjust to the demands of the workplace.
Staff at Central Nevada Regional Care are also trained to help employers adapt the workplace to the limitations of employees experiencing arthritis pain. Occupational medicine can help employers and employees create a plan that works for both parties.
Some patients may need advanced treatment for arthritis pain. Advanced treatment may include chiropractic adjustment, physical therapy, and even surgery. Patients are encouraged to speak to their physician at Central Nevada Regional Care to learn more about obtaining advanced treatment for arthritis pain.
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