Bone spurs, or osteophytes, are bony projects that form in the joints, where bones meet each other. Bone spurs may also form on vertebrae.
Symptoms of Bone Spurs
Reduced range of motion
Increased pressure on nerves
Knobby or bumpy areas
Numbness and weakness
Pain near the affected joint
Rubbing against bones or tissues
Patients may experience symptoms in the following areas of the body:
- Knee. Patients with bone spurs in the knee can experience pain when extending and bending the leg.
Spine. Patients with bone spurs on their vertebrae can experience pinching of the spinal cord or its nerve roots. This can cause weakness or numbness in the arms or legs.
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Hip. Patients with bone spurs on the hip can experience pain when moving the hip or knee. The growths can also reduce range of motion in the hip joint.
Bone spurs may also form on the heel, big toe, ankle, hand, finger, neck, and shoulder.
Patients with arthritis are at increased risk of developing bone spurs.
Causes of Bone Spurs
The primary cause of bone spurs is joint damage from osteoarthritis, a condition characterized by the breakdown of cartilage. This firm, flexible
tissue cushions bones and allows joints to move freely. Individuals may develop osteoarthritis with age or after damage caused by an injury.
When the body tries to repair cartilage (after an injury or deterioration), it creates new bone material called osteophytes, or bone spurs.
A rare form of arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, is another potential cause of bone spurs. In this condition, the small bones in the spine fuse, or connect, leading to the formation of spinal osteophytes.
The right treatment for patients with bone spurs will depend on the severity of their symptoms and their unique condition. At Las Vegas Primary Care, patients may be treated with pain management therapy, joint and soft tissue injections, and occupational medicine.
Las Vegas Primary Care provides epidural injections, piriformis injections, sacroiliac joint injections, and trigger point injections to help alleviate pain from bone spurs.
Another treatment available to patients diagnosed with bone spurs is pain management therapy. At Las Vegas Primary Care, pain management therapy may encompass a range of treatments, such as hot and cold therapy, yoga, tai chi, deep breathing, massage, progressive muscle relaxation, meditation, acupuncture, cognitive behavior therapy, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication, opioids, antidepressants, and beta-blockers.
Some cases of bone spurs interfere with daily life and impair a patient’s ability to function in the workplace. In these cases, occupational medicine could help the patient adjust to the demands of the workplace as they pursue treatment.
Staff at Las Vegas Primary Care are also trained to help employers adapt the workplace to the limitations of employees diagnosed with bone spurs. Occupational medicine can help both employers and employees create a plan that will help them move forward.
Some patients may need advanced treatment for bone spurs. Advanced treatment may include chiropractic adjustment, physical therapy, and even surgery. Patients are encouraged to speak to their physician at Las Vegas Primary Care to learn more about obtaining advanced treatment for bone spurs.
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