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Head & Neck Pain

Head and neck pain are often caused by an underlying illness or injury. It’s important to know the signs and symptoms of head and neck pain that shouldn’t be ignored.

Concerning Symptoms of Head & Neck Pain

Neck pain may accompanied by:

  • Headache

  • Muscle tightness

  • Muscle spasms

  • Reduced range of motion when trying to move the head

  • Pain that worsens when holding the head in one position for long periods of time

Female doctor showing X-ray to patient with head and neck pain
Human skeleton showing head and neck pain

It’s important to see a doctor if patients experience neck pain that:

  • Becomes severe

  • Radiates to the arms or legs

  • Persists for several days without relief

  • Is accompanied by headache, numbness, weakness, or tingling

Head pain, or headache, may feel like:

  • Migraine. Throbbing starts on one side of the head and may lead to nausea or sensitivity to sound and light.

  • Sinus headache. Steady pain from behind the face that worsens when bending forward.

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  • Tension headache. Dull, steady pain that feels like a band being tightened around the head.

  • Cluster headache. Persistent pain concentrated on one side of the head that feels like burning, piercing, or throbbing.

It’s important to seek medical help if the patient experiences:

  • A new type of headache that hasn’t been felt before

  • A high fever accompanied by nausea, severe pain, and a stiff neck

  • Drowsiness with dizziness, vertigo, nausea, or vomiting after sustaining a head injury

  • Recurring or painful headaches

Common Causes of Head & Neck Pain

Woman experiencing head and neck pain in bed

Neck pain may be caused by:

  • Muscle strains. From overuse or bad habits, like reading in bed or hunching over a computer or smartphone.

  • Worn joints. When the cartilage between the vertebrae deteriorates and forms bone spurs.

  • Nerve compression. Caused by herniated discs or bone spurs.

  • Injury. From auto collisions leading to whiplash.

  • Illness. Such as rheumatoid arthritis, cancer, or meningitis.

Head pain, or headaches, may be caused by:

  • Stress

  • Insufficient sleep

  • Food additives

  • Noise

  • Fatigue

  • Hunger

  • Caffeine withdrawal

  • Certain medications

  • Sudden cessation of medications

  • Smoke inhalation

  • Certain smells

  • Weather changes

  • Certain foods and drinks

  • Bright light

  • Changes in estrogen levels for women

  • Eye, neck, or back strain caused by poor posture

The following underlying medical condition may also cause head and neck pain:

  • Trauma

  • Tumor

  • Disease of blood vessels in the brain

  • High blood pressure

  • Infection

  • Head injury

  • Medication overuse

  • Sinus congestion

Treatment Options

Patients experiencing head and neck pain may be treated with joint and soft tissue injections, pain management therapy, and occupational medicine at Central Nevada Regional Care.


Joint and soft tissue injections may help alleviate head and neck pain. Injections offered at Central Nevada Regional Care include epidural injections, piriformis injections, sacroiliac joint injections, and trigger point injections.


Pain management therapy may include hot and cold therapy, massage, opioids, antidepressants, acupuncture, deep breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, cognitive behavior therapy, yoga, tai chi, meditation, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication, and beta-blockers.


Head and neck pain caused by long-term injury and illness may interfere with daily life and impair a patient’s ability to perform job duties. In these cases, patients may need occupational medicine to help them adjust to the demands of the workplace.

Advanced Treatment

Some patients may need advanced treatment to address head and neck pain caused by underlying injuries or illness. Advanced treatment may include chiropractic adjustment, physical therapy, and even surgery. Patients are encouraged to speak to their physician at Central Nevada Regional Care to learn more about obtaining advanced treatment.


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OPEN HOURS

Monday-Friday
8:00AM - 5:00 PM

APPOINTMENTS

call us to schedule
an appointment at

EMERGENCY SERVICE

we provide
emergency services

7 DAYS A WEEK