Lower Extremity Pain
Lower extremity pain may impact the hip, knee, ankle joints, and the bones of the thigh, leg, and foot.
Potential Causes of Lower Extremity Pain
Pain in the lower extremities may be caused by:
Muscle cramps in patients suffering from diabetes, thyroid or liver disease, fibromyalgia, and nerve or blood vessel disorders
Muscle strain due to sudden trauma or overuse
Chronic venous insufficiency caused by standing too long, pregnancy, obesity, and history of leg trauma
Tendonitis, including Achilles tendonitis and posterior tibial tendonitis
Shin splints caused by exercise-related injuries, high-arched feet, or improper or worn-out footwear
Peripheral artery disease
Stress fracture caused by overuse injuries and repetitive stress
Deep vein thrombosis caused by injury to the vein wall by trauma or surgery, underlying health conditions such as cancer or pregnancy, obesity, prolonged hospital stays, and immobility
Sciatica caused by a herniated spinal disc or irritation from a tight muscle
Other conditions that can cause leg pain include:
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Achilles tendon rupture
ACL injury (tearing of the anterior cruciate ligament in your knee)
Bursitis (joint inflammation)
Chronic exertional compartment syndrome
Gout (arthritis related to excess uric acid)
Growth plate fractures
- Hamstring injury
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (formerly known as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis)
Knee bursitis (inflammation of fluid-filled sacs in the knee joint)
Night leg cramps
- Osgood-Schlatter disease
Osteoarthritis (disease causing the breakdown of joints)
Osteomyelitis (a bone infection)
Paget’s disease of bone
Patellofemoral pain syndrome
Posterior cruciate ligament injury
- Reactive arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis (inflammatory joint disease)
Thrombophlebitis (a blood clot that usually occurs in the leg)
The right treatment for lower extremity pain will depend on the severity of symptoms and the patient’s unique condition. At Central Nevada Regional Care, patients may be treated with joint and soft tissue injections, pain management therapy, and occupational medicine.
Pain management therapy may encompass a range of treatments, such as hot and cold therapy, massage, meditation, cognitive behavior therapy, yoga, tai chi, acupuncture, deep breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication, opioids, antidepressants, and beta-blockers.
Some patients with lower extremity pain may struggle to perform job duties. In these cases, occupational medicine could help the patient adjust to the demands of the workplace.
Staff at Central Nevada Regional Care are also trained to help employers make reasonable accommodations for employees experiencing lower extremity pain. Occupational medicine can help both employers and injured employees create a plan for functioning in the workplace.
Some patients may need advanced treatment to address severe cases of lower extremity pain. Advanced treatment may include chiropractic adjustment, physical therapy, and even surgery. Patients should speak to their physician at Central Nevada Regional Care to learn more about advanced treatment for lower extremity pain.
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