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Lower Extremity Pain

Lower extremity pain may impact the hip, knee, ankle joints, and the bones of the thigh, leg, and foot.

Potential Causes of Lower Extremity Pain

Pain in the lower extremities may be caused by:

  • Muscle cramps in patients suffering from diabetes, thyroid or liver disease, fibromyalgia, and nerve or blood vessel disorders

  • Muscle strain due to sudden trauma or overuse

  • Chronic venous insufficiency caused by standing too long, pregnancy, obesity, and history of leg trauma

  • Pregnancy-related cramps

  • Tendonitis, including Achilles tendonitis and posterior tibial tendonitis

Doctor evaluating patient’s lower extremity pain in the knee
Doctor evaluating patient with lower extremity pain
  • Shin splints caused by exercise-related injuries, high-arched feet, or improper or worn-out footwear

  • Peripheral artery disease

  • Stress fracture caused by overuse injuries and repetitive stress

  • Deep vein thrombosis caused by injury to the vein wall by trauma or surgery, underlying health conditions such as cancer or pregnancy, obesity, prolonged hospital stays, and immobility

  • Sciatica caused by a herniated spinal disc or irritation from a tight muscle

Other conditions that can cause leg pain include:

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  • Achilles tendinitis

  • Achilles tendon rupture

  • ACL injury (tearing of the anterior cruciate ligament in your knee)

  • Ankylosing spondylitis

  • Baker’s cyst

  • Bone cancer

  • Broken leg

  • Bursitis (joint inflammation)

  • Chronic exertional compartment syndrome

  • Claudication

  • Gout (arthritis related to excess uric acid)

  • Growing pains

  • Growth plate fractures

Man with lower extremity pain in the knee
  • Hamstring injury
  • Herniated disc

  • Infection

  • Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (formerly known as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis)

  • Knee bursitis (inflammation of fluid-filled sacs in the knee joint)

  • Legg-Calve-Perthes disease

  • Meralgia paresthetica

  • Pseudogout

  • Night leg cramps

  • Osgood-Schlatter disease
  • Osteoarthritis (disease causing the breakdown of joints)

  • Osteochondritis dissecans

  • Osteomyelitis (a bone infection)

  • Paget’s disease of bone

  • Patellar tendinitis

  • Patellofemoral pain syndrome

  • Peripheral neuropathy

  • Posterior cruciate ligament injury

  • Psoriatic arthritis

  • Reactive arthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis (inflammatory joint disease)

  • Sacroiliitis

  • Septic arthritis

  • Spinal stenosis

  • Sprains

  • Tendinitis

  • Thrombophlebitis (a blood clot that usually occurs in the leg)

  • Torn meniscus

  • Varicose veins

Treatment Options

The right treatment for lower extremity pain will depend on the severity of symptoms and the patient’s unique condition. At Central Nevada Regional Care, patients may be treated with joint and soft tissue injections, pain management therapy, and occupational medicine.

Joint and soft tissue injections, such as epidural injections, piriformis injections, sacroiliac joint injections, and trigger point injections, may help alleviate lower extremity pain.

Pain management therapy may encompass a range of treatments, such as hot and cold therapy, massage, meditation, cognitive behavior therapy, yoga, tai chi, acupuncture, deep breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication, opioids, antidepressants, and beta-blockers.

Some patients with lower extremity pain may struggle to perform job duties. In these cases, occupational medicine could help the patient adjust to the demands of the workplace.

Staff at Central Nevada Regional Care are also trained to help employers make reasonable accommodations for employees experiencing lower extremity pain. Occupational medicine can help both employers and injured employees create a plan for functioning in the workplace.

Advanced Treatment

Some patients may need advanced treatment to address severe cases of lower extremity pain. Advanced treatment may include chiropractic adjustment, physical therapy, and even surgery. Patients should speak to their physician at Central Nevada Regional Care to learn more about advanced treatment for lower extremity pain.


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EMERGENCY SERVICES

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OPEN HOURS

Monday-Friday
8:00AM - 5:00 PM

APPOINTMENTS

call us to schedule
an appointment at

EMERGENCY SERVICE

we provide
emergency services

7 DAYS A WEEK